Hello, Friend’s welcome to my youtube channel my name is Ankit, and today i’m getting to teach Youngerman Langauge within the German our topic is Modal verbs OkaySo Let’s start with a modal verb lesson Modal verbs – expressing ability, necessity, etc. Modal verbs modify an action or situation by expressing the thought of ability, obligation, permission, etc.:

Sie kann sehr gut schwimmen.
She can swim alright.
Wir müssen jetzt gehen.
We have to travel now.
Hier dürfen Sie rauchen.
You are allowed to smoke here.

Modal verbs within the German
German there are six modal verbs:
dürfen können mögen müssen sollen wollen
dürfen may/to be allowed to
können can/to be ready to
mögen to love (to) (also utilized in the shape möchten).
müssen must/to need to
sollen to be supposed to/should/ought to
wollen to require to

okay Meaning and commonest usage. dürfen– permission, prohibition (‘must not’) dürfen usually conveys the thought of permission and may be translated with ‘may’ can’ or ‘to be allowed to’:
Darf ich hier fotografieren?
Am I allowed to require photos here?
It often adds a way of politeness and may be utilized in more formal situations:
Darf ich Ihnen behilflich sein?
May I help you?
When utilized in the negative, dürfen expresses prohibition (‘must not’, ‘not to be allowed to’):
Das dürfen Sie nicht.
You must not do that.
Als Kind durfte sie nie fernsehen.
As a toddler she was never allowed to observe TV.

These are some example of dürfen so it’s conjugated like darf dürfen okay können – ability können corresponds to English können means ‘can’ or ‘to be able to’ and typically expresses ability:
Du kannst morgen kommen.
You can come tomorrow.
Er konnte sehr gut surfen.
He could surf alright.

It can sometimes add a tone of possibility as within the English ‘may’ Das kann schon wahr sein. this might be true. ok so this is often können some example kann you’ll come kann konnte mögen – inclination, liking mögen implies that folks like something generally.
Sie mag italienischen Wein.
She likes Italian wine.
Wir mögen klassische Musik.
We like serious music.
these are some examples Note that mögen can only be utilized in structures with nouns or noun phrases. In reference to verb structures, gern has got to be used
Sie trinkt gern italienischen Wein.
Wir hören gern klassische Musik.

mögen is usually utilized in its subjunctive form, möchten ‘would like’:
Ich möchte einen Cappuccino.
I would sort of a cappuccino.
Was möchtest du machen?
What would you wish to do?

okay so these are some examplemöchten means would really like mögen means like müssen – necessity, obligation müssen usually expresses a way necessarily or obligation and corresponds to English ‘must’ or ‘to have to’:
Wir müssen jetzt gehen.
We must/have to travel now.
Sie muss das Projekt bis Anfang September fertig haben.
She must/has to end the project by the start of September.

Ok so these are some example of müssen müssen means must or to possess to within the negative, müssen doesn’t convey the meaning of prohibition because it does in English, but means ‘don’t have to’ or ‘don’t need to’ Ihr müsst jetzt noch nicht gehen. You don’t have to/don’t got to go now. Du musst dir keine Sorgen machen.You don’t have to/don’t got to worry. Note that in these contexts brauchen is usually used as an alternative:
Ihr braucht jetzt noch nicht zu gehen.
You don’t need to/have to travel now.

sollen – obligations, commands sollen is especially wont to convey a way of obligation and corresponds tothe English ‘be supposed to’, ‘should’: Peter soll fettarmer essen.Peter is meant to eat less fat. Peter is meant to eat less fat.
Peter soll fettarmer essen.
Peter is meant to eat less fat.

ok, it’s also used with suggestions or commands:
Sollen wir mit dem Auto fahren?
Should we pass car?
Du sollst dich schämen!
You should be ashamed (of yourself)!

sollen also can convey a way of uncertainty when making a prediction or when reporting what you’ve got heard from another source: okay wollen – intention, desire wollen usually expresses an intention or desire and corresponds to English ‘to want to’
Ich will mit dem Rauchen aufhören.
I want to prevent smoking.
Gaby will auswandern.
Gaby wants to emigrate.
Ich will mit dem Rauchen aufhören.
I want to prevent smoking.
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